Social Schedule update

The Secretariat would like to inform all honorable delegates about tonight's schedule:

There are two social events planned tonight:

  1. Billiard Night at Köö Schwedenplatz (All ages)
  2. Clubbing at Ride Club

Meeting time and place is at 7.30PM in front of Webster University. Please be there on time.

You can also meet us at the respective locations.

  • Köö is located at Schwedenplatz (U1)
  • Ride Club is at Nußdorfer Straße (U6) - More info: http://www.rideclub.at/index2.php?page=programm

Call Lucas for info about Köö (+43 676 9701191)

Call Dennis for info about Ride Club (+43 699 192 48 913)

We would very much enjoy having all delegates come to the social events tonight!

 

 

 

Mexico on dealing with Malaria outbreak

By Anna Zvagulis

The GA is still debating the malaria outbreak, which is spreading rapidly. The Earth Charter Initiative indicates that “currently delegates are attempting to create an effective resolution on the malaria crisis.”

The delegation of Mexico claims “the current crisis in Mexico is being dealt with through a possible coalition with over 10 nations.”

The aim of the coalition is “financial aid, the introduction of mosquito nets,” says Mexico, also reminding delegates that “first we have to find the cause.” Austria strongly agrees with India to have a lockdown on Mexico as one of the ways to stop the spread of malaria. 

China supports the international initiative to help Mexico, however, “it cannot take part [in the coalition] as its already involved in helping other states such as Brazil, South Africa and India.” Furthermore, China recognizes the USA’s influence in the zone and “does not want to interfere with American policies.” 

Another pressing issue to be discussed is the question of tourists in affected regions. Mexico is suggesting a medical examination before leaving the country, but the UK disagrees that “they must remain in quarantine.”

Austria mentions that helping these nations “will have a great financial impact,” however questions if “we really want to risk more countries getting infected by malaria?” 

The Earth Charter Initiative is hopeful that “this is a great step up from what the nations were doing before” and that “it is fully possible to combat and to solve the malaria crisis if swift and decisive action is taken.”

 

Time to act. International passivity leads to death

By Erik Da Silva

While the Iraqi soldiers moved up north in order to pick up the weapons sent by the international community, an enormous ISIS division attacked Baghdad which was guarded by 1000 american soldiers. Hundreds of American lives were tragically lost while defending the city.

While OPEC was blackmailing the international community into waging war by decreasing the oil quotas and the European council hesitated into participating completely to the ground operations, ISIS was preparing its troops and spread chaos up till Baghdad. Had the international community followed the American lead, American lives could have been saved and the city would not be in danger. Now 7 million lives are at stake. Meanwhile, ISIS announced it would kill the german military advisors unless a 30 million dollar ransom would be paid.

It is time for the international community to take their responsibilities. Europe needs to act. OPEC needs to participate to the war effort. The Obama administration needs to lead the world towards stability and democracy.

Rumours about halted ISIL march are wrong

By Anna Zvagulis

Recent reports contradict the success of french airstrikes regarding the jihadists' march towards Baghdad. While the bombardment did hit an important tactical target, the impact was not enough to stop ISIL in their tracks.

Jihadist troops are still on their way towards Baghdad. Iraqi forces picked up the russian weaponry, leaving the city's defense to the US military personnel stationed there. Just north of Baghdad, three cities house ISIL divisions - Sudur Dam, Tarmlyah and Dujall. According to unconfirmed reports, these troops are now marching towards Iraq's capital. 

 

 

 

 

 

Huge demonstrations at the US-mex border. Malaria spreading

By Erik Da Silva

The Malaria issue continues to expand. Mexico is reaching a concerning state with 3000 detected cases of mutated malaria. However the government estimates that the number of infected people is way higher as the population is not sufficiently educated about the symptoms.

 The US border was closed to protect American citizens from the disease. However, huge demonstrations occurred as many seek to escape the lethal virus. The Mexican demonstrators believe that the United States have better medical capabilities than Mexico, and therefore demand entrance to US soil as a last resort. The police forces are struggling to keep the masses under control. Many Maxicans, potentially contaminated, were shot down while trying to illegally entering the US.

The spread of mutated malaria continues in the United States and reaches the town of Columbus between the state of Georgia and Alabama. Currently the whole state of Alabama can is suitable for the spread of mutated malaria; and in fact there have been dozens of cases reported.

More cases were detected throughout Europe, mainly in the United Kingdom and France. Fortunately the good medical conditions keep malaria under control. Yet the fear that the disease shows up in a unprepared location keeps everyone on edge.

EU Summit overshadowed by developments in Iraq; no decision on South Stream

by Dennis Marc H.

Debate in the European Council has been overshadowed by the developments in Iraq and Syria. They spent the afternoon grilling a European Union Military Staff adviser over the EU’s capacity to send troops, and afterwards had a heated debate with the Ambassador of Iraq, who left the questioning after feeling he was insulted by Mr. Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of the Netherlands.

The Ambassador of Iraq stated that they do not request international troops from the EU to help in the fight against ISIS. 

As DPA had previously reported, the European Commission yesterday announced the lifting of the ban on the South-Stream pipeline. However the European Council has so far not addressed this issue, and has also not responded to the bombing of the Iraq-Turkey pipeline.

Energy experts believe that if the European Council does not address these issues soon, the price of oil, gas and electricity will go even higher.  

Baghdad left in hands of US soldiers

By Anna Zvagulis

Recent reports have confirmed that Russian arms have arrived in Iraq.

Iraq forces are on their way to pick up the delivery, leaving Baghdad in the hands of the US soldiers stationed there. 

Russian weapons have arrived in Iraq

By Philipp Grüll
The shimpment of russian weaponry has safely arrived in Iraq. Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has published an official statement where he said: "The funds from Iraq have arrived, so we sent the equipment. The trade is home and dry."
As we reported earlier, Russia signed an arms deal with Iraq to provide the local regular forces with the means to defend against the ISIL threat. Up until now, the airstrikes done by the alliance led by the United States of America gave not done much to stop ISIL.
Fighter jets and planes (including transporters with infantry equipment) will fly over the Iranian city of Ahvaz and areas controlled only by the Iraqi government to Ali Air Base. Equipment for ground forces will be moved with Iranian escorts along the same way. 
Russia will also be providing training for Iraqi troops. 
Iraq forces are on their way to pick up the delivery. 
 


 

France has successfully targeted ISIL

By Anna Zvagulis

Recent reports have confirmed that France has successfully targeted ISIL with airstrikes.

France and the USA alliance have been practicing air strikes on ISIL since September, but until now ISIL has advanced nevertheless.

These recent airstrikes have very successfully damaged an ISIL base and rumors are circulating that ISIL is further incapacitated and will not be able to continue with any of their further plans due to the destruction of their base.

 

German military advisers kidnapped by ISIS

By Dennis Marc H.

There are confirmed reports that several German military staff have been kidnapped in the province of Kurdistan. They are part of a team of German specialists sent to train Kurdish pershmerga troops.

The German Ministry of Defense has issued a statement confirming the reports.

The number of those kidnapped is estimated by local journalists as six. Apparently they were en route from a military base to the Kurdish Regional Government Headquarter when they were attacked. Locals reported gunfire and helicopters approaching the scene shortly after.

Germany has been engaged in training Kurdish fighters for several months now, with a total of 40 military staff involved in the situation.

Security Council resolutions vetoed

By Philipp Grüll

Russia and China blocked the Security Council's resolution regarding ISIS. As we reported earlier, those resolution wanted to establish a UN body in Syria to distribute humanitarian aid, have Syria ratify the Roman Statutes, arm the Kurds and open the turkish border to let said Kurds fight against ISIS. 

It remains to be seen which of those points will prevail in the end, and if the Security Council will come up with a new resolution.

 

OPEC blackmails - Europe waits for american soldiers to die

By Erik Da Silva

OPEC voted a resolution decreasing oil production by 2 percent, in order to force the international community to wage complete war against ISIS. The european committee told the OPEC chairmen this was blackmail.

 Decreasing the production means increasing the prices. OPEC is abusing of the situation and wants to make money off the ISIS crisis. Such opportunism is shameful.

 Where OPEC is right, it is that the western intervention is not enough. ISIS is winning and rampaging over Iraq. Europe is still passive: Bulgaria says it can only offer ‘’moral support’’. Perhaps it would be better if it weren’t only American soldiers always dying for the security and freedom of Europe and the rest of the world. However, recent press releases spoke of a small handful of countries in favor of send troops against ISIS, but it remains to be seen whether they stand true to their words.

 OPEC says it is forcing EC countries to help them fight against isis. ‘’The rest of the world isn’t helping us’’ says the chairman, ignoring the intense efforts of the American army, helped more or less by France and the UK.

 The chairman declared that he expects ‘’the west to stop the original threat they created’’. Whereas Turkey has indeed funded ISIS, perhaps the chairmen forgets that the US have always supported the democratic and moderate opposition against Assad and is now intervening in Iraq to stop ISIS from spreading. 

 

European Council Conclusion published

Conclusions – 21. October 2014
European Council Brussels, 21. October 2014
Cover Note
from: General Secretariat of the Council
to: Delegations
________________________________________________________________________________
Subject: European energy security
21. October 2014
Conclusions
________________________________________________________________________________
Delegations will find attached the conclusions of the European Council (21. October 2014)
__________________________________________________________
EUCO 80/14 1 EN
Conclusions – 21. October 2014
Introduction
In this time of conflicts and crisis around the world, and increasing insecurity, both military, economic and energy,
the European Council has come together and agreed on important legislature to secure and strengthen Europe's
position in the global market. This conclusion deals with central issues of energy security, seen vital in reaction to
the events happening in the Middle East and elsewhere which shows an increasing need for Europe to diversify its
energy sources. The biggest long term commitment this conclusion introduces is the establishment of the internal
energy market, aimed to include all members of the European Union by 2025, in order to increase energy
efficiency, lower costs of electricity and gas, so that Europe can be attractive and competitive for industry in the
future. Further it is the European Council's position not to sacrifice the environment to reach increased energy
independence, and have therefore banned the use of Hydraulic Fracturing for European states for the time being,
pending new development in the technology. By banning Hydraulic Fracturing, we need to achieve energy
security, and increased energy independence another way, and the Council has decided upon two important
commitments, first the short-mid term investment into the building and utilizing of Liquified Natural Gas
terminals, and further development within the field of nuclear energy. These are important measures to stabilize
the price, ensure stability and make Europe better suited to deal with instability globally. For the long-term future
of the European Union, The Council has an ambition to move towards a market dominated by renewable and
sustainable sources of energy.
European Energy Security
I Internal Energy Market: Member states of the EU commit to establishing complete, internal
energy markets by 2020
1.1 Harmonized rules. The European Council emphasizes the importance of a set of simple,
harmonized rules across Europe for gas and electricity trading controlled and developed by the
Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators which needs to be in place by 2016 for further
development to proceed.
1.2 Grid expansion. As advised by the European Commission, The European Council concludes the
further expansion of the Internal Energy Market, agreed to be completed in two phases, phase one
will be completed by 2020, phase two is expected to be completed by 2025
1.2.a. Phase one is the construction and development of infrastructure, including smart grids
in regions of the European Union, not currently connected to the grid or the internal energy market.
1.2.a.I The identified regions are as follows
Ireland to United Kingdom
the Baltic states to Poland
South Europe, South-Eastern and Eastern Europe
Spain to France
1.2.b Phase two is the connection of these regional grids to the established market,
concluding the establishment of an internal energy market.
1.3 Supervision. The proceeding expansion is to be supervised by the European Commission,
1.3 Finance. The expansion will be paid for through various mechanisms.
1.3.a The establishment of a new fund to finance the grid infrastructure. One part is financed
through state contributions and the other part by private investors through the sales of energy bonds.
1.3.a The specifics are to be worked out by the European Commission.
II Issue of Hydraulic Fracturing – Ten year ban
2.1 Banning. The European Council calls upon the European Commission to propose legislation in
order to ban Hydraulic Fracturing.
2.2 Hydraulic fracturing. The banning refers specifically to the action of Hydraulic Fracturing to
extract oil and gas from shale sources.
2.3 Environmental concerns. The necessity of the ban comes from environmental concerns, and the
EUCO 80/14 2 EN
Conclusions – 21. October 2014
European Council has come to the conclusion that it is an issue that can not be addressed
domestically by its member states due to the cross-border detrimental effects.
2.4 Reconsideration in ten years. The European Council opens the ban up for reconsideration after
10 years should technological advancements and necessity dictate a reevaluation of the use of
Hydraulic Fracturing.
III Short-term solutions for energy sources
3.1 Liquefied Natural Gas Terminals. The European Council wants to pursue increased
development of the infrastructure in relation to LNG terminals, in order to better cooperate with the
United States, North Africa and Canada as a source of gas alternative to that of Russia and the
Middle East.
3.2 Development and expansion. The European Council endorses the development and expansion of
the LNG terminals in order to import gas from sources, not currently connected through pipelines,
areas of special interest are Spain, The Netherlands, France, and Poland, Croatia for new projects.
3.3 New energy partners. The European Council encourages increased trade with suppliers of LNG
from stable sources, such as The United States, Canada, Australia, and North Africa to deal with the
short-term issues of energy supplies.
IV Mid-term solutions for energy sources
4.1 Nuclear energy sources. Europe will continue its current support of nuclear energy, with a focus
on nuclear energy in the new member states of the European Union
4.1.1 The European Council encourages research and development
4.1.2 The European Council expresses its appreciation to the European Commission
regarding the support of fusion power researches over the period 2014-2018.1
4.1.3 The European Council expresses the hope that the Commission would support the
researches mentioned above after 2018.
4.2 Wind-power. The European Council strongly encourages the development and expansion of
wind-power.
4.3 Renewable and sustainable sources. The European Council encourages the development of the
following sources of renewable and sustainbale sources of energy; Bio-thermal, solar, hydro, geothermal
and bio-mass. The European Council recognizes the value these will add to energy
diversification.
V Long-term Commitments – Renewable and sustainable energy
5.1 Continued commitments. The European Council reaffirms its intention of promoting the use of
renewable and sustainable energy sources.
5.2 Reach 2020 goals. The European Council reminds Member States of the goals set by the energy
strategy valid until 2020 regarding renewable energy sources.
5.3 Encourage topping the 2020/2030 goals. The European Council strongly encourages member
states to top the 2020 goals mentioned in the previous section and pursue the 2030 goals.
5.4 Increased cooperation between states. The European Council encourages main renewable
energy user Member States to share their experiences with other Member States in order to help
them domesticate renewable energy more.
5.4.1 Research agreements. The European Council encourages member states to make
research agreements with each other regarding energy infrastructure and development.
1 http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-1111_en.htm?locale=en
EUCO 80/14 3 EN

The new plague needs to be controlled via quarantine

By Erik Da Silva

Scientists have proven that a mutation regarding malaria has taken place: malaria from Mexico is officially transferable through human contact. This disease is already spreading across the world. After the discovery that it spreads through human contact, the developed world is being contaminated, as the US and the United Kingdom detected several cases.

 The longer the wait, the more lives are put at risk. The developed countries need to protect themselves from the disease.

10 cases were also detected in the United Kingdom. Scientists suspect transmission has occurred because of Mexican migrants. Prime minister Mr. Cameron is talking about closing the border temporarily.

More cases of death in Mexico, the number reached 100.  The spread on Mexican territory is moving towards the south, reaching the city of Leon, only 386 km away from Mexico City.

As previously reported, cases of malaria have been detected in Texas Meanwhile, the spread in the United States continues towards the east, with cases of malaria showing up in New Orleans, Louisiana. Senator McCain urged the Obama administration to close the border in order to save American lives.

Security council encourages fight against ISIL via islamism

By Erik Da Silva

A resolution from the Security Council has been leaked. It states that in order to fight against ISIL, the international community needs to cooperate with the Iraqi government. Sovereignty of the Iraqi state is to be respected:, foreign military intervention only if the state asks for it, the ancient borders are to be re-established no weapons distribution without their accordance.

Respecting the Iraqi sovereignty is great. However, the Iraqi state is a failed state. Is this state capable of administrating the country on its own… ?

Moreover, the resolution calls different Arab states to fight against ISIL via their existing religious institutions. This ignores the fact that Islamism is at the core of all those countries. Asking them to fight fire with fire is suicidal. Encouraging the spread of Islamism is irresponsible.

Draft resolution II from Security Council leaked

By Ioanna Kantartzi

The Second Resolution Paper from Security Council , sponsored by the United States of America, United Kingdom and Saudi Arabia  has been  completed. Reuters is the First News Agency which publishes the committee’s decisions. 

 “Recalling its Resolutions 2170 (2014) and 2178 (2014) dealing with threats caused to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts,

Alarmed by the development of sectarian extremism around the world and particularly in the Middle East,

Realizing that terrorism is one of the greatest threats to global peace and security,

Noting with grave concern that territory in parts of Iraq has fallen under the rule of the so-called Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),

Emphasizing that the United Nation recognizes ISIL as a terrorist organization,

Having considered that ISIL has committed the gravest of human rights violations actions that constitute nothing less than war crimes and especially those committed against civilians,

Noting further that all those who have committed or are responsible for violations of international humanitarian law and the basic human rights must be held accountable,

Convinced that terrorism must not and cannot be associated with any religion or nation,

Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Iraq,

Underlining the responsibility of all Member States to protect civilians in all conict zones regardless of nationality, race or religion in accordance with their obligations under international law,

Recalling that the Iraqi government formally requested the support of the international community, calling for all nations to assist it in its ght against the cancer of terrorism,

Acting with accordance to Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter,

1. Supports the training and equipping of the Iraqi military as well as the Kurdish Peshmerga Forces by all Member States to combat the ISIL terrorist organization inside the borders of Iraq,

A. noting that the training and equipment of factions within Iraq not directly under the

Command of the Iraqi government including but not limited to Kurdish forces must happen through and in full coordination with the Iraqi government,

B. recognizing that no harm shall come to the territorial integrity of the Republic of Iraq in the process or following the implementation of these policies;

2. Authorises Member States to use all means of conventional warfare permitted under international law to combat the threat posed by the ISIL terrorist organization within the internationally recognized borders of the Republic of Iraq,

A. keeping in mind that the presence of foreign combat troops would be a breach of the  sovereignty of the Republic of Iraq and that the express request of the Iraqi government is required for any countries to send troops in an advisory capacity,

B. further emphasizing that the military actions taken by the international community inside the territory of the Republic of Iraq must be coordinated with the Iraqi government or branches of its military establishment,

C. stressing in the strongest terms that all nations wishing to partake in the combat efforts of the international community on the territory of the Republic of Iraq must rst be granted permission to do so by the Iraqi government;

3. Calls upon member states of the Arab League to join the international effort to combat ISIL outlined in Operative Clause 3,

A. adding that the conditions and restrictions outlined in Operative Clause 3 apply to these nations in the same way,

B. recommending that these countries, on top of their commitments outlined in Operative  

Clause 3 also open their military air bases allowing the forces of other nations partaking in military action coordinated with the Iraqi government on the territory of the Republic of Iraq to launch from as well as land and refuel at these bases,

C. calling the attention of these nations to the fact that as regional powers they possess the most capability to combat ISIL on an ideological level and hence should take not only military action but also venture to ght ISIL through their existing religious institutions by condemning the ideology of this terrorist threat and especially by educating their younger citizens in the moderate ways of Islam;

4. Establishes as a long term goal, of all Member States that partake in the ght of the

international community aiding the government of the Iraqi Republic in combating ISIL, the re-creation, protection and enforcement of Iraq’s internationally recognized borders especially those currently contested by militants in the west of the country in order to prevent the further  inux of foreign terrorist ghters and material aid to the ISIL terrorist organization.”

 

 

Climate Change: A reality we must face

By Ioanna Kantartzi

It is known that the climate and weather conditions are important determinants of human health. This means that climate change is occurring globally, changing the factual situation regarding health and wellbeing of people everywhere.

Climate change affects the human body in both direct and indirect ways. Direct exposure is happening through changing weather conditions, such as temperature, rainfall, rising sea levels and more frequent extreme weather events. The indirect exposure is due to lower quality of water, air and food, as well as to changes in the ecosystem, agriculture, industry, communities and the economy. Consequently, climate change increases worldwide existing diseases, like happening with Malaria in Mexico, but it also creates new ones.

The impact of climate change on health can be summed up into roughly three categories. Firstly effects caused by extreme weather events (e.g. deaths from heat waves). Secondly, the impact caused as a result of environmental changes and ecological disturbances due to climate change (e.g. increasing threat of diseases transferred mosquitos or rodents). Finally, the different effects on people through environmental degradation and economic problems due to the climate change (e.g. nutritional or psychological problems).

Climate change and rampant issue affect any human’s life. Effects like increased mortality due to global warming, but also simultaneously reduced mortality in the less warm countries for the same reason. Moreover, greater frequency of epidemics of communicable diseases due to floods and extreme weather events. Finally, appreciable effects on human health due to the population displacement. 

Do not let ignorance overwhelm you. The institutions should give more importance to transparency and report on the decisions on environmental issues. Moreover, citizens should be involved more systematically in the elaboration and implementation of policies. Furthermore we must clarify the role of each factor in the decision process. In addition, decisions should be taken at the right level and the right time to produce the required results. Finally the policies implemented by the UN are highly diversified and requires continuous effort to ensure consistency.

Our society must be aware as a whole, as the environment is the place in which we live, reproduce, nourish. It is necessary to protect our lives, our health, and of course the future of our children.

 

 

 

 

20/10/2014

Spread of Islamism in the Middle East: war and death of democracy

By Erik Da Silva

Given how half of the OPEC plans or is already financing ISIS to invade Iran, the latter told Fox news in an exclusive interview that the Islamic Republic is prepared to defend itself. According to Iran, China and Russia side with it in his fight against ISIS. It is also planning to discover who is behind this aggression and promises diplomatic and economic sanctions.

The irony of the situation is how two Islamic forces, ISIS and Iran, are at war. Both have the same project of imposing the Sharia and destroying the universal western model of democracy. The first one is a terrorist group; the other one finances Hezbollah and supports the Assad regime, two terrorist entities. Rivalries between those groups show how Islamism only leads to crude war. If the USA had not been fighting against Iran’s nuclear program, the apocalyptic situation would be even worse. America should, as always, take its responsibilities and stabilize the Middle East by promoting democracy.

Security Council resolution aims to drain ISIS of their resources

By Philipp Grüll

The Security Council wishes to see ISIS's financial sources depleted. They call upon the international forces supporting the Iraqi Army. The troops should focus on either retaking or, if need be, destroying the oil facilities currently held by ISIS. Additionally, they make it clear that "individuals, organisations and other entities engaging in commercial and other transactions with terrorist organisations including ISISL must be identified, located an brought to justice..". 

They especially stress that the city of Baghdad must be protected. 

In their second resolution, the SC asks Syria ratify the Rome Statute in order to investigate human rights violations in that area. Additionaly, the Council asks Turkey to further open their southers to Kurds who wish to fight the ISIS alongsiide other Kurd nationalists.

The SC also suggests the establishment of a whole new UN body which should be assigne with the distribution of humanitarian aid in Syria.