By Philipp Grüll

The GA's recent resolution presents newMillenium Development Goals.

 

The New Millennium Development Goals with Regards to the Energy Issues of the 21st Century

 

SPONSORS: United Kingdom, Norway, United States of America, Germany, South Korea, Australia

SIGNATORIES:  China, Austria, Canada, Venezuela, United Arab Emirates, Brazil, Mexico, Egypt, France, Indonesia, South Africa,

 

 

 

The General Assembly,

            Affirming the General Assembly’s commitment to ensuring peace and security,

Recalling the Annual report of the UNHRC adopted on the 18th December 2013, with special regards to poverty and economic, social and cultural rights,

Supporting increasing energy efficiency as the quickest and least costly way of addressing energy security, environmental and economic changes,

Reaffirming our commitment to make every effort to accelerate the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals

Recalling the Resolution 66/288, “The Future We Want”, adopted by the General Assembly on the 27th July 2012,

Taking into account that a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment is indispensable to the full enjoyment of human rights, including the rights to life, health, food, water and housing among many others,

Aware of the pressing issue on gender equality regarding education and the necessity for the goal to be achieved

Concerned about the ineffective development of Sub-Saharan Africa to achieve the target of setting primary education, due to political instability, economic problems and rapid population growth

Stressing that the further targeting of reaching gender equality and empowering women should be guided by the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), as well as the Beijing Platform for Action,

 

Fully aware of the grave harm that climate change is already causing, and will continue to cause, to the environment on which we all depend, with regards of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),

Expressing its gratitude to the commitment of the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking Initiative, the Kenya Awareness Against Human Trafficking (HAART) and the International Justice Mission to combat the tremendous issue of human trafficking and women exploitation,

Welcoming the contribution of regional and global organizations, such as the BRICS Development Bank and the Europe Development Bank to the modernization of the world infrastructure concerning the procurement of energy,

Bearing in mind the impact of the current energy issues on further development and achieving the set Millennium Development Goals,

Acknowledging the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change with its ultimate objective to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system,

Supporting the action taken by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in order to achieve the first Millennium Development Goal and eradicate extreme poverty,

Encouraging all the developed countries which have managed to successfully solve this pressing matter to share their accumulated knowledge,

Expressing its concern that the scale and gravity of the negative impacts of climate change affect all countries and undermine the ability of all countries, in particular, developing countries, to achieve sustainable development and the Millennium Development Goals, and threaten the viability and survival of nations,

 

{C}1.      {C}Welcomes international action on climate change through encouraging energetic transition and diversification, as well as reducing the impact of climate change in developing countries and the overseas territories,

{C}2.      Solemnly affirms the importance of establishing a protocol to fight natural disasters, in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction,

{C}3.      Draws the attention on the currently large gap between rural and urban areas and recognizes the need to decrease the gap in order to combat extreme poverty in developing countries

{C}4.      Emphasizes the need of investment for the modernization of the rural area through regional entities such as the Council of Europe Development Bank and the BRICS Development Bank

{C}5.      Recognizes the need to ensure that children everywhere, boys and girls alike, are able to complete a full course of primary schooling by making education more affordable, accessible and culturally appropriate under the surveillance of the United Nations Development Group on the pressing issue on achieving universal primary education,

{C}6.      Advises the regional United Nations Development Group teams, including the UNDG Africa (Eastern-Southern), UNDG Africa (Western-Central), UNDG Arab States, UNDG Asia & the Pacific, UNDG Europe & Central Asia and UNDG Latin America & the Caribbean to work on the pressing issue of education within the region,

{C}7.      Calls upon Member States which have successfully solved this issue to meet the necessities of developing areas, such as the region of Sub-Saharan Africa and support them in a financial way, as well as to accord their expertise on this matter in order to meet the global targets of the second Millennium Development Goal,

{C}8.      Recognizes the response of the United Nations Children’s Fund to meet the goal of reducing child mortality by:

{C}a.       Providing high-impact health and nutrition interventions

{C}b.      Improving family care practices

{C}c.       Increasing access to improved water and sanitation

{C}d.      Responding rapidly to emergencies

{C}e.       Developing a mechanism for monitoring the regions of Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia

{C}9.      Recognizes the importance of financially supporting developing countries through REDD+ to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation,

{C}10.  {C}Stresses the importance of combating racism in order to meet all the targets of the set Millennium Development Goals

{C}11.  {C}Reiterates the importance of addressing the structural causes of gender inequality, such as violence against women, unpaid care work, limited control over assets and property and unequal participation in private and public decision making, with:

{C}a.       Achieving gender equality and women empowerment, in conjunction with the UN Women initiative

{C}b.      Going up against violence against women, it being a manifestation of gender-based discrimination and a universal phenomenon with tremendous costs for societies

{C}c.       The need to expand women’s choices and capabilities, with achieving equal access to land, credit, natural resources, education, health services, decent work and equal pay

{C}d.      Strengthening opportunities for post-primary education for girls while meeting commitments to universal primary education

{C}e.       Guaranteeing sexual and reproductive health and rights

{C}f.       The need to ensure that women have a voice within households, and in public and private decision-making spheres, such as public and private institutions, national and local parliaments, media, civil society, in the management of firms, families and communities

{C}12.  {C}UN GA calls upon the global cooperation towards achieving the Post-2015 Development Goals and stresses the importance of Global Partnership Programme as a crucial instrument towards the successful outcomes.

{C}13.  {C}Notes its concern about the achievement of the eighth Millennium Development Goal, and therefore:

{C}a.       Requests targeting the further development of an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system, taking the BRICS as a model,

{C}b.      Addresses the special needs of the least developed countries and the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing states

{C}c.       Considers dealing comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries

{C}d.      Strongly supports providing access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries in cooperation with pharmaceutical companies

{C}e.       Affirms making the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications available in cooperation with the private sector

{C}14.  {C}Further requests working closely with other agents to strengthen continental and regional institutions including:

{C}a.       The African Union and The New Partnership for Africa’s Development

{C}b.      The UN Economic Commission for Africa

{C}c.       The African Development Bank

{C}15.  {C}Proclaims financial support from regional, as well as global banks, such as:

{C}a.       BRICS Development Bank,

{C}b.      Asian Development Bank,

{C}c.       Council of Europe Development Bank, 

{C}d.      Inter-American Development Bank,

{C}e.       International Monetary Fund,

{C}f.       The World Bank Group, consisting of:

{C}                                                              i.      International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

{C}                                                            ii.      International Development Association

{C}                                                          iii.      International Finance Corporation

{C}                                                          iv.      Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

{C}                                                            v.      International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes

{C}16.  {C}Endorses the cooperation with regional institutions, as well as the international community to meet the target of solving the energy issues in developing countries, including:

{C}a.       The European Union

{C}b.      Asia Cooperation Dialogue, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation and Gulf Cooperation Council

{C}c.       Organization of American States

{C}d.      Union of South American Nations

{C}e.       Rio Group

{C}17.  {C}Designates the impact of the energy issues on establishing sustainable and reliable health care systems in developing countries, as well as the importance of establishing a minimum amount of energy sources to reach the establishment necessities and targets,

{C}18.  {C}Further requests private entities to invest into the diversification of energy sources, in addition to opening renewable energy facilities in places with great development potential, e.g. Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia in order to moderate the dependence to fossil energies sources,

{C}19.  {C}Expresses it’s appreciation for any innovative energy crisis solutions in developing areas regarding renewable electricity, such as

{C}a.       solar panels

{C}b.      onshore and offshore wind markets

{C}c.       biomass

{C}d.      hydro

{C}20.  {C}Stresses the necessity of energy security in providing health care to the most vulnerable populations,

{C}21.  {C}Requires the drafting of a semestrial report related to the evolution of energy applications in countries handling the energy policies allowing surveillance,

{C}22.  {C}Fully supports the action of the International Energy Agency regarding the 2°C target, achieving it by:

{C}a.       Adopting specific energy efficiency measures,

{C}b.      Accelerating the (partial) phase-out of subsidies to fossil-fuel consumption,

{C}c.       Limiting the construction and use of the least-efficient coal-fired power plants,

{C}23.  {C}Decides to stay seized of the matter.