Conclusions – 21. October 2014
European Council Brussels, 21. October 2014
Cover Note
from: General Secretariat of the Council
to: Delegations
Subject: European energy security
21. October 2014
Delegations will find attached the conclusions of the European Council (21. October 2014)
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Conclusions – 21. October 2014
In this time of conflicts and crisis around the world, and increasing insecurity, both military, economic and energy,
the European Council has come together and agreed on important legislature to secure and strengthen Europe's
position in the global market. This conclusion deals with central issues of energy security, seen vital in reaction to
the events happening in the Middle East and elsewhere which shows an increasing need for Europe to diversify its
energy sources. The biggest long term commitment this conclusion introduces is the establishment of the internal
energy market, aimed to include all members of the European Union by 2025, in order to increase energy
efficiency, lower costs of electricity and gas, so that Europe can be attractive and competitive for industry in the
future. Further it is the European Council's position not to sacrifice the environment to reach increased energy
independence, and have therefore banned the use of Hydraulic Fracturing for European states for the time being,
pending new development in the technology. By banning Hydraulic Fracturing, we need to achieve energy
security, and increased energy independence another way, and the Council has decided upon two important
commitments, first the short-mid term investment into the building and utilizing of Liquified Natural Gas
terminals, and further development within the field of nuclear energy. These are important measures to stabilize
the price, ensure stability and make Europe better suited to deal with instability globally. For the long-term future
of the European Union, The Council has an ambition to move towards a market dominated by renewable and
sustainable sources of energy.
European Energy Security
I Internal Energy Market: Member states of the EU commit to establishing complete, internal
energy markets by 2020
1.1 Harmonized rules. The European Council emphasizes the importance of a set of simple,
harmonized rules across Europe for gas and electricity trading controlled and developed by the
Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators which needs to be in place by 2016 for further
development to proceed.
1.2 Grid expansion. As advised by the European Commission, The European Council concludes the
further expansion of the Internal Energy Market, agreed to be completed in two phases, phase one
will be completed by 2020, phase two is expected to be completed by 2025
1.2.a. Phase one is the construction and development of infrastructure, including smart grids
in regions of the European Union, not currently connected to the grid or the internal energy market.
1.2.a.I The identified regions are as follows
Ireland to United Kingdom
the Baltic states to Poland
South Europe, South-Eastern and Eastern Europe
Spain to France
1.2.b Phase two is the connection of these regional grids to the established market,
concluding the establishment of an internal energy market.
1.3 Supervision. The proceeding expansion is to be supervised by the European Commission,
1.3 Finance. The expansion will be paid for through various mechanisms.
1.3.a The establishment of a new fund to finance the grid infrastructure. One part is financed
through state contributions and the other part by private investors through the sales of energy bonds.
1.3.a The specifics are to be worked out by the European Commission.
II Issue of Hydraulic Fracturing – Ten year ban
2.1 Banning. The European Council calls upon the European Commission to propose legislation in
order to ban Hydraulic Fracturing.
2.2 Hydraulic fracturing. The banning refers specifically to the action of Hydraulic Fracturing to
extract oil and gas from shale sources.
2.3 Environmental concerns. The necessity of the ban comes from environmental concerns, and the
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Conclusions – 21. October 2014
European Council has come to the conclusion that it is an issue that can not be addressed
domestically by its member states due to the cross-border detrimental effects.
2.4 Reconsideration in ten years. The European Council opens the ban up for reconsideration after
10 years should technological advancements and necessity dictate a reevaluation of the use of
Hydraulic Fracturing.
III Short-term solutions for energy sources
3.1 Liquefied Natural Gas Terminals. The European Council wants to pursue increased
development of the infrastructure in relation to LNG terminals, in order to better cooperate with the
United States, North Africa and Canada as a source of gas alternative to that of Russia and the
Middle East.
3.2 Development and expansion. The European Council endorses the development and expansion of
the LNG terminals in order to import gas from sources, not currently connected through pipelines,
areas of special interest are Spain, The Netherlands, France, and Poland, Croatia for new projects.
3.3 New energy partners. The European Council encourages increased trade with suppliers of LNG
from stable sources, such as The United States, Canada, Australia, and North Africa to deal with the
short-term issues of energy supplies.
IV Mid-term solutions for energy sources
4.1 Nuclear energy sources. Europe will continue its current support of nuclear energy, with a focus
on nuclear energy in the new member states of the European Union
4.1.1 The European Council encourages research and development
4.1.2 The European Council expresses its appreciation to the European Commission
regarding the support of fusion power researches over the period 2014-2018.1
4.1.3 The European Council expresses the hope that the Commission would support the
researches mentioned above after 2018.
4.2 Wind-power. The European Council strongly encourages the development and expansion of
4.3 Renewable and sustainable sources. The European Council encourages the development of the
following sources of renewable and sustainbale sources of energy; Bio-thermal, solar, hydro, geothermal
and bio-mass. The European Council recognizes the value these will add to energy
V Long-term Commitments – Renewable and sustainable energy
5.1 Continued commitments. The European Council reaffirms its intention of promoting the use of
renewable and sustainable energy sources.
5.2 Reach 2020 goals. The European Council reminds Member States of the goals set by the energy
strategy valid until 2020 regarding renewable energy sources.
5.3 Encourage topping the 2020/2030 goals. The European Council strongly encourages member
states to top the 2020 goals mentioned in the previous section and pursue the 2030 goals.
5.4 Increased cooperation between states. The European Council encourages main renewable
energy user Member States to share their experiences with other Member States in order to help
them domesticate renewable energy more.
5.4.1 Research agreements. The European Council encourages member states to make
research agreements with each other regarding energy infrastructure and development.
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